Winslow Homer (February 1836 – September 1910) - An American landscape painter
Winslow Homer, a popular painter and a printmaker in the 19th Century, was born on 24th February 1836 in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. He was an American artist best known for his marine subjects. This American landscape was self-taught and was the first painter who painted the most expressive and powerful figures in American art. He started his career as a commercial illustrator. Oil paintings, sketches, and watercolor were his strengths. He used to paint his observations to the details of nature. The artworks of Winslow Homer were mainly related to the theme of human struggle within an indifferent universe.
All about the early life and career of Winslow Homer:
Winslow Homer was born in an old English family. His mother was an amateur painter who inspired Homer greatly. His interest in art and artwork increased over time. At the age of nineteen, he joined a lithographic firm of John Bufford in Boston. This famous artist produced major studio work by focusing on oil paintings. His oil painting works were mainly characterized by the weight and density he exploited from the medium. He enhanced his skills in drawings and made original paintings that were submitted for publication. To start his career as a freelance illustrator, he moved from Boston to New York City. He exhibited his first painting within a year at the National Academy of Design. Winslow Homer dealt with everyday camp life due to the outbreak of the American Civil War. But he still uses to make drawings, and his interest and focus increased in paintings as the war dragged. Due to his amazing drawings, Winslow Homer was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1865. After the war ended, he admirably captured the dominant national mood of reconciliation.
Winslow Homer used to travel a lot to seek better ideas for his paintings. He also used to love fishing, camping, hunting, and sketching, due to which he used to travel to Pennsylvania during the warm months. This famous painter was very much influenced by Japanese prints, contemporary fashion illustration, and French naturalism. From 1860 to 1870, Winslow Homer used to do his artistic experimentation, varied output, and was prolific. Winslow Homer lived in New York City and was working on designing magazine illustrations and building an effective career as a painter after moving to New York City. During the civil war, Homer was influenced by the French avant-garde and shared their subject interest as he desired to incorporate into their works outdoor flat, forms, lights, and brushwork.
In 1870, Winslow Homer's main subject was Women at leisure and children at play. He also enhanced his painting skills and began creating drawings from watercolors. Winslow Homer succeeded in improving his drawing skills and gave his work as a freelance illustrator. Winslow Homer left the narrative behind and focused his concentration on drama, force, and beauty. But in his mid-career, Homer did not have any real success like his early years of paintings. His career as a great artist began when he was forty-five, after struggling a lot during his lifetime to earn his living and he achieved heights in his career as an artist. During his lifetime, he switched many jobs to earn his living. Winslow Homer died in the year 1910 in Prouts Necks, Maine.