Thomas Gainsborough

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Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough was an English portrait and landscape painter, printmaker, and draughtsman. In the second half of the 18th century, he was also known as one of the most important British artists and the rival of English painter or portrait painter Sir Joshua Reynolds. His works are characterized by a light palette, quick paintings, and easy strokes. Along with that, Thomas Gainsborough was very much satisfied in his life being a prolific portrait painter.

Further, the influential Welsh landscape painter Richard Wilson and Thomas Gainsborough had been credited as the 18th-century British landscape school originator. Also, he was the Royal Academy'sfounding member. 


His life:

Thomas Gainsborough was born in Sudbury, Suffolk, England, on 14 May 1727. He was the youngest son of John Gainsborough, who was a woolen goods maker and weaver. He spent most of his childhood days at Gainsborough Street, Sudbury. Presently, it is known as a house museum. His interest in painting and drawing was started with impressing his father.

In 1740, he left his home to study art in London. In London, he had taken training from French engraver Hubert Gravelot. However, he becomes influenced by the school of English painter William Hogarth.


His Career:

In 1746, Thomas Gainsborough got married to Margaret Burr. At that time, his paintings were not selling well. When he was in Suffolk, he painted the Rev. John Chaffy Playing a Violoncello in a Landscape established between 1750 to 52. Now, this can be seen at Tate Gallery, London. Later, he painted a self-portrait, The Artist's Daughters, and Margaret Burr. 

Next, he moved to Bath with his family in 1759. Here, he submitted his works in the Royal Academy's annual exhibitions, which boosted his growth and generated a reputation. In 1774, he again moved to London with his family to explore his work skill.




His Notable and famous works:

  • and Mrs. Andrews:The Mr. and Mrs. Andrews is a portrait painted in 1750 by Thomas Gainsborough. It is an oil on canvas portrait. Presently, it can be found in the National Gallery, London.
  • The Blue Boy:

The Blue Boy is a famous portrait by Thomas Gainsborough, and it was established in 1770. And, it is a full-length portrait made in oil. Presently, it can be seen at the Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

His Portraits works:

  • Portrait of John Plampin: This portrait was made in 1752. Presently, it can be seen at National Gallery.
  • Conversation in a Park: This portrait was established in 1746 and found at the Louvre museum.
  • Clayton Jones: This portrait painting was painted in 1745, and this can be found in Yale Center for British Art.
  • The Painter's Daughters Chasing a Butterfly: This famous portrait was established in 1756, and it can be seen at National Gallery.
  • The Gravenor Family: This family portrait painting was painted in 1754, and it can be found in Yale Center for British Art.
  • The lawyer Joshua Grigby III: This portrait work was done between 1760 to 1765. It can be seen at Gemäldegalerie.
  • Portrait of Francis Bennett: This portrait was established in 1766, and it is a private collection.
  • Portrait of the Artist's Daughters: It was painted between 1763 to 1764. And, it can be found at Worcester Art Museum.
  • Portrait of Ignatius Sancho: This famous portrait was established in 1768, and it can be found at the National Gallery of Canada.


Thomas Gainsborough left this world on 2 August 1788 at the age of 61 in London, England. His famous works are still alive in various museums of different parts. If you are looking for his famous paintings, you must search for the best professional painters with quality work.