Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins
Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins was born on July 25, 1844, and was a popular American realist painter, sculptor, photographer, and fine arts, educator. Thomas Eakins was widely known and acknowledged for his artwork. He was the most important uncompromising American realist artist who was dedicated to his career. Thomas Eakins created a human figure, mainly with oil and watercolor, sculpture, and photography. His main subject was his hometown people, so he portraits his family members, friends, or prominent people in the arts, medicine, sciences, and clergy.
The early life of Thomas Eakins:
The popular American realist painter Thomas Eakins spent his entire life in Philadephia, where he was born. Thomas Eakins inherited a sense of precision and the manual dexterity that characterizes his artwork. From 1862 to 1866, Thomas Eakins studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. At Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Eakins attended the anatomy lectures. The lecture he attended at his medical college profited him from contacting Philadelphia's art collections, exhibitions, and artists.
In 1866, Thomas Eakins went to Paris for his future studies. The popular American realist painter was the leader of young painters who would shift American art from landscape to the figural subjects favored by the European academies. Eakins returned to Philadelphia in July 1870 after three years of instruction in France, principally at the École des Beaux-Arts. The best thing about Thomas Eakins was that he embraced the activities he enjoyed as subjects and provided him with an adequate opportunity to demonstrate his skills perfectly. He became athletic from boyhood, and he intended to portray the world around him.
Thomas Eakins created paintings related to his view of athletes and outdoor activities and created intense, brooding images of women and children in quiet, shadowed interiors. Thomas Eakins wrote to a friend in March 1875 about his artwork. In 1876 he became a professor and started teaching at Pennsylvania Academy. He turned the academy into the leading art school in America. Thomas Eakins's emphasis on the nude concerned his teaching methods as his acceptance of nudity as an essential element of the academic study did not please Victorian Philadelphia. Later in January 1886, the angry protest by parents and students forced him to resign as he removed a loincloth from a male model while lecturing about the pelvis. Later, Eakins focused exclusively on portraiture till the end of his career.
Popular work by Thomas Eakins:
Thomas Eakins made any popular artwork during his lifetime. Some of his famous works were like William Rush Carving His Allegorical Figure of the Schuylkill River (1908), Kathrin Crowell with Kitten (1872), Max Schmitt in a Single Scull (1871), Study in Human Motion, Standing Male Nude with Pipes, and many more. All his work was popular all over the globe. Some of his works are still available in famous museums and art galleries.
On June 25, 1916, Thomas Eakins died at the age of seventy-one in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. In 1917, the Metropolitan Museum of Art opened a memorial exhibition of sixty of his paintings on his death memorial. And then, a month later, the Pennsylvania Academy also exhibited one hundred and thirty-nine of his works. His great artwork made him popular, and he enjoyed the reputation of America's greatest artists. After his death, he becomes more popular all over the globe. And due to his artwork, he was able to inspire many young artists during his generation.