Sofonisba Anguissola was a popular Italian Renaissance who was born in Cremona in a relatively poor noble family. She was also popularly known as Sophonisba Angussola or Sophonisba Anguisciola. Sofonisba Anguissola studied fine art, and she was also apprenticeship with local painters. As Sofonisba Anguissola was an apprentice with local painters, it offered her a precedent for women, and she was accepted as a student of art. Anguissola traveled to Rome as a young woman. In Rome, she was introduced to Michelangelo, who immediately recognized her talent, and to Milan. And she was able to get a chance to paint the Duke of Alba.
Early life of Sofonisba Anguissola:
Sofonisba Anguissola, the popular Italian Renaissance, was mainly known for her portraiture. The best thing about Sofonisba Anguissola was that she was the first female artist who is popular and was also the first women artist who could establish an international reputation due to her artwork. But Sofonisba Anguissola's father, Amilcare Anguissola, was a nobleman and belonged to a wealthy family. She was highly encouraged by her father in artistic pursuits. This popular Italian Renaissance started his artistic training alongside her sister Elena in 1546. They both were sent to board in the household of Bernardino Campi, a prominent local painter.
Sofonisba Anguissola and her sister Elena were trained and guided with Campi for three years and then moved to Milan from Cremona. This popular Italian Renaissance was able to continue her training with Bernardino Gatti. And she was also able to gain an appreciation of the work of Correggio through Bernardino Gatti. Sofonisba Anguissola's father influenced and motivated her for her art career, but Michelangelo also encouraged her. Sofonisba Anguissola copied the drawing which Michelangelo, and then she sent it to him for his appraisal.
Sofonisba Anguissola art career
In the early stage of her career, Sofonisba Anguissola, when she started to earn her living through her work, she trained her sisters Europa, Lucia, and Anna Maria to paint. She made many amazing paintings during her lifetime, which could be found in almost thirty of his paintings, including many self-portraits popularly known as Lucia, Minerva, and Europa Anguissola Playing Chess (1555). In 1559, Sofonisba Anguissola was at a peak, and she was invited to Madrid, to the court of Philip II. In Madrid, she also was an attendant to the Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia.
During the seventeenth century, many of Sofonisba Anguissola's paintings were burned in a fire at court. Sofonisba Anguissola married Fabrizio de Moncada, a Sicilian. Her husband died in 1579. Late in 1579, she aboard a ship bound for Cremona, and Anguissola met the captain, a Genoese nobleman. She married the captain, a Genoese nobleman named Orazio Lomellino, in 1580, and both lived in Genoa after their marriage. Anguissola was influenced by the work of the Genoese painter Luca Cambiaso in her later period.
Sofonisba Anguissola popular paintings were like The Chess Game, 1555; Family Portrait, Minerva, Amilcare and Asdrubale Anguissola; Miniature self-portrait, 1556; Portrait of Bianca Ponzoni Anguissola; Bernardino Campi Painting Sofonisba Anguissola; and much more. She was also attributed to male painters of the period like Titian, Alonso Sánchez Coello, Leonardo da Vinci, Giovanni Battista Moroni, and Francisco de Zurbarán. In the last stage of her life, the young Flemish painter Anthony van Dyck visited her and recorded the advice that she received from her. She also sketched the elderly painter in his notebook. Sofonisba Anguissola died on 16th November 1625 at the age of ninety-three.