Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges, a city central west region of France. He was part of a working family; Renoir’s father was a seamstress and a tailor. Renoir’s first job as an artist is for the porcelain factories. His talent and steady hands earned him praise from his employers, and it helped him grow his customer base. His customers include wealthy patrons, and for them, he painted decorations for fans and others objects and picture hangings. The early success helped encourage his desire to leave the factory and pursue an art career. Renoir frequently visited the Louvre in Paris to study from the French Rococo masters to follow his passion. Even though Rococo and Delacroix were centuries apart, Renoir found similarities in their loose handling of paint, the embrace of colours, and soft painting.
In 1862 Renoir started his formal training under Charles Gleyre, who was a Swiss-born academic painter. During the training period, Renoir and his new friends used to go to the science forest of Fontainebleau to engage in Plein air painting. Fontainebleau became the favourite spot of Renoir’s and used to visit the place frequently. In 1865 Renoir met Lise Trehot, who became Renoir’s lover and his favourite model for few years. Lise sat for so many portraits that include two in 1867, and in one of them, she has portrayed her as a Greek goddess.
In 1869, Renoir and Monet spent two years painting together at La Grenouillère, a lakeside boating resort. The resort was located on the outskirts of Paris. They both were great artists and began to use different brushstrokes to capture the beautiful scenes with a beautiful effect on light.
Due to the Franco-Prussian war and the occupation of the French commune in 1871, Renoir’s career started turning worse. The rejections in the salon outnumbered the acceptances. Renoir’s situation reached the point where he was faced with either buying pain or paying for the model. Renoir continued submitting his work in the salon till 1873, and he believed that his acceptance was necessary to succeed. In 1873 the impressionist’s painting canvases were panned. Renoir ad his friends started planning their independent exhibition. This first independent exhibition was held in 1874. April 15. There Renoir sold few artworks, and he also gained the attention of the collector Victor Choquet. Victor became the financial saviour of Renoir during this period.
By the Fourth Impressionist exhibition in 1878, Renoir recovered financially, thanks to the regular portrait commissions. After that, Renoir travelled to Italy for the first time with the help of a financial deal by the dealer Paul Durand-Ruel. During this time, he figured out impressionism lacked the structural Underpinnings. This motivated Renoir to shift his vision from the loose, incidental quality of impressionism. He adopted toward more classical ideas of compositions, draftsmanship, and modelling. Before leaving France, Renoir produced “Luncheon of the Boating Party,” showing Renoir’s artworks on expressing the movement of nature, light, and colour.
Later year and death
In his later period, Renoir continued to produce work at a high rate despite his bad health condition. Due to the bicycle accident, his right-hand injury led to severe arthritis, and rheumatism plagued his right eye. By 1910 he took the help of a wheelchair; his hand condition was bad. The family bought a house in southern France, and the mild climate gave Renoir relief from his pains.
Renoir had a friend who was an art dealer and a trusted advisor to Renoir. He also helped Renoir to choose the subject matter. Despite his bad condition, Renoir managed to complete some successful sculptures.
In 1919 Renoir suffered from a saviour heart attack, and shortly after that, he died on December 3, 1919. His sons were beside him on his death bed; Renoir and Monet were into impressionism, creating a modern artistic territory. His combination of tradition and modernity highly influenced the next generation of artists, including Pablo Picasso, Maurice Denis, Pierre Bonnard, and Henri Matisse, all of whom collected the artworks of Renoir.