Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

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    Jean Auguste Dominique


    Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, a French "neoclassical" painter and an avant-garde of the "modern art", was born on August 29, 1780 in Montauban, Tarnet Garonne. His failed painter and sculptor father, Jean Marie Joseph Ingres, became Jean's first inspiration for music and drawing, although he could never lose himself. The animated artist created his first drawing in 1789. 

      From 1786, Jean Auguste began his training at a local school, which he had to drop out during the French Revolution in 1791. In the same year, he enrolled at the Académie Royale de Peinture, Sculpture et Architecture, in Toulouse. Here he was tutored by Jean-Pierre Vigan, the landscape painter Jean Briant and the painter Joseph Roques. At the age of thirteen, the painter learned to play the violin from Lejeune. 

      In 1797 Jean Auguste Ingres moved to Paris and did an apprenticeship with the renowned European painter Jacques Louis David for four years. He was accepted into the École des BeauxArts in October 1799 and, in 1801, won the coveted scholarship of the Grand Prize of Rome for his painting "Achilles receives the ambassadors of Agamemnon (1801)". 

     The artist was firmly convinced that drawing is the key to a good work of art; Jean Auguste's drawings had solid contours, perfected down to the smallest detail, his colors were a mixture of light and medium tones. 

     The career of Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres:

    After his salon debut in 1802 with his "Portrait of a Woman," Jean and four other artists were entrusted with painting the complete portraits of Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1806 the artist engaged to the painter and musician Marie Anne Julie Forestier and immigrated to Rome. 

     In the same year, the exhibition of Ingres' paintings "Self-Portrait" (1804) and "Napoleon I on his Imperial Throne" (1806) in the Salon was massively criticized as "archaic" and "Gothic." 

     Jean decided to walk away from the salons and Paris, which led to the breakdown of their engagement. During his fourteen-year stay in Rome, the artist mastered drawing and painting techniques and became one of the most revered and drawn men of that time. Most of his nude paintings, such as "Oedipus and the Sphinx" (1808), found a little public response. 

      In 1813 he married Madeleine Chapelle. To advance his career, Jean and his wife moved to Florence for four years at the urging of his old sculptor friend Bartolini in 1820. Jean Ingres returned to Paris in 1824; it was a great homecoming for the artist. 

      Works of Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres:

    His painting "The Vow of Ludwig XIII (1824)" was very much appreciated at the Salon of 1824 and brought him the success it deserved after years of struggle. His favorite, "The Martyrdom of the Sacred Symphonies," from 1834, was criticized many times at the salon exhibition in the same year. Furious, Ingres accepted his appointment as director of the French Academy in Rome and decided not to paint for the public. 

     His "La Stratonice "(1840) rewarded the honor on his visit to Paris in 1841. He was given the rank of commander of the Legion of Honor 1845 and congratulated with a gold medal at the World Exhibition in Paris. , In 1855. 

     Jean's wife's death in July 1849 terrified him, after which the artist resigned from the École des Beaux-arts and married Delphine Ramel in 1852 at the age of 43. 


    Jean created sensual portraits of nude women in 1862, including his work "The Turkish Bath." Ingres died of pneumonia in Paris on January 14, 1867, leaving a legacy of great works such as "Marie Clothilde Inés de Foucault" (1851), Madame Moitessier (1840), and Sitting (1856)". 

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