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    Jan Steen

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    Jan Steen: the Dutch painter 

     Jan Steen (full name- Jan Havicks Zoon Steen) was born in 1626, Leiden, the Netherlands; a Dutch genre painter chose everyday scenes, often animated interiors, as his theme. Steen is unique among the leading Dutch painters of the 17th century because of his humor. He has frequently been compared to his contemporaries and the French comic Molière. 

    Both guys regarded existence as a large comedy of manners. Given his lavish and moralizing style, it is logical that Steen used the theatre's stratagems for his ends. There is conclusive and right proof that Steen's artwork is predominantly theatrical as opposed to actual characters.

    Some artists, painters, biblical and classical artwork, and Antony and Cleopatra (1667) might also stimulate the present day. Jan Steen's portraits and paintings of rhetoricians such as Rhetoricians at a Window (1658-1665) testify to his interest in these groups by amateur actors. 

      Steen enrolled in the University of Leiden in 1646 and, along with Gabriel Metsu and others, was one of the founding members of the Leiden Guild of St. Luke in 1648. His early teachers seemed to have been the history painter Nicolaus Knupfer in Utrecht, the genre and landscape painter Adriaen van Ostade in Haarlem, and the landscape painter Jan van Goyen in The Hague. 

      In 1649 Steen married Van Goyen, the daughter of a painter, and settled in The Hague for the next few years. In 1654 he moved to Delft and in 1661 to Haarlem. In 1670 he was back to Leiden, where he started, and in 1673, he married again. 

     Jan Steen's work: 

    Everyday lifestyles became Jan Steen's central theme in the scenes he portrayed, along with in The Feast of Saint Nicholas, lively to the factor of chaos and lust, a lot so that "to Jan Steen home," that means a lot messy scene. The diffused guidelines in his photographs appear to signify that Steen desired to warn the viewer in the place of asking him to replicate this behavior.

    Many of Steen's paintings had references to Old Dutch proverbs or literature. He often uses to paint several self-portraits and family members as models in which he showed no tendency towards vanity. 

     Jan Steen did not step back from other motifs: he painted historical, mythological, and religious scenes, portraits, and still, life's and nature scenes, and his child portraits are famous. Especially with Persian carpets and other textiles and known for his mastery of light and attention to detail.

    Steen was productive, producing about 800 paintings, of which about 350 survived. His contemporaries highly valued his work, and so he received fair payment for his work. He did not have many students (only Richard Brake burgh is enrolled), but his work proved to be a source of inspiration for many painters. 

      Legacy of Jan Steen: 

     In 1660 Steen and his family moved to Haarlem; those days, Steen worked with larger formats and created some of his most famous paintings, such as Dancing Couple, 1663, that showed more improvisation. In Celebrating the Birth (1664) and how it is heard, the spatial relationships become less clear. 

     Instead, Steen focused on building complex compositions and carefully developing the gestures and looks of his characters. After the death of Jan Steen's wife Margriet in 1669, Steen moved to Leiden. In 1673 he married Maria van Edmond, with whom he had a son shortly afterward. On February 3, 1679, in Leiden, he took his last breath. 

     

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