Guido Reni: Italian Painter
Guido Reni was born in Bologna, Papal States, Italy, on November 4, 1575. He was an early Italian Baroque painter known for the classical idealism of his interpretations of mythological and religious subjects.
At the age of 10, the first apprentice of the Flemish painter Denis Calvert, Reni was later influenced by the new naturalism of the Carracci, a Bolognese family of painters. In 1599 he was accepted into the painters' guild, 1601 he divided his time between his studies in Bologna and Rome. When people started knowing him, Reni surrounded himself with assistants such as Giovanni Lanfranc, Francesco Albani, and Antonio Carracci, who were fascinated by his nobles and authoritarian personalities.
The career of Guido Reni:
Reni executed important commissions for Pope Paul V and Scipione Cardinal Borghese in his early profession, portraying numerous frescoes in chapels for those and different patrons. Among those works is the prestigious fresco "Aurora" (1613–14).
Reni advanced a style that tempered Baroque exuberance and complexity with classical restraint in his spiritual and mythological paintings. Such compositions as "Atalanta and Hippomenes" (1625) display his preference for gracefully posed figures that reflect antique ideals.
Legacy of Guido Reni:
Born in Bologna, Italy, in 1575, Reni entered painting training as an apprentice in the local studio of Denys Calvert, the Flemish master who had spent most of his life with Reni; Carracci's students developed the Bolognese painting school in the center of historical importance, which was later recognized.
Reni moved to Rome at the turn of the century and quickly received important commissions, including a great icon of the baroque style. After Carracci's death, Reni painted frescoes in the Palazzo Farnese, an altarpiece by San Paolo alle Tre Fontane, and the Chapel of the Annunciation by Pope Paul V in the Palazzo Quirinale and became the head of the Bolognese School, which eventually led to his return to town and the establishment of an important workshop that taught about eighty students at the same time.
The prolific studio produced some of the most important works and artists of the time, including Giovanni Battista Michelini, Guido Cagnacci, Tommasso Company, etc. At the height of Reni's career, his handling of hues and chromatic sophistication was unmatched. Stylistic innovations later had a strong influence on artists in the late baroque and neoclassical periods of Western and Northern Europe.
The work of Guido Reni:
Reni's paintings, which may be observed in several of Europe's most large churches, chapels, and collections, are some of the most important Baroque artwork of the 17th century. His works may be observed in numerous encyclopedic museums, including the Louvre Museum, Paris, the Museo Nacional del Prado, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Reni allied himself more with the sterner Cavaliered' Arpino, Lanfranco, and much less with Pietro da Cortona's greater crowded frescoes feature. It was restrained in copying poses from Roman sarcophagi and restraint than Carracci's riotous Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne in the Farnese. This painting showed far greater simplicity.
There is little concession to classicism, and the vibrantly colored fashion is antithetical to the tenebrism of Caravaggio's followers. Documents display that Reni was paid 247 scudi and fifty-four baiocchi upon completing his paintings on September 24, 1616.
In 1630 the Barberini family commissioned Pope Urban VIII Reni to paint a painting completed in 1636, which led to an ancient legend that Reni depicted Satan being shattered. After that, under Saint Michael's feet, with the features of Cardinal Giovanni Battista Pamphilj, as revenge for a slight insult.