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Guercino: An Italian Baroque Painter


Italian Baroque painter Giovanni Francesco Beriberi is more popularly known as Guercino. Guercino II was born on February 8, 1591, in an average family, in Cento village near Bologna. He did not have any formal artwork training and was rather self-taught and learned, especially through replicating neighborhood artwork and engravings. Guercino's early interest in artwork was observed at the age of 10 while he created a painting of the Virgin Mary on the front wall of his home. 

 He was known for the light & dark strokes, detailing, speed, and & accuracy in his works. Guercino spent most of his life in Bologna & Rome and created most of his remarkable works of art here. In 1608, he studied artwork briefly under Bartolommeo Bertozzi and Benedetto Gennari (Italian, 1633-1715). 

 Around 1615, the artist shifted to Bologna, wherein he fetched admiration of the Italian Baroque painter Ludovico Carracci (1555-1619). Soon, Barbieri created 'Elijah Fed through Ravens' and 'Samson Seized by Philistines,' huge artwork for Cardinal Serra in the Caravaggesque technique. His artwork works of 1618, 'The Arcadian Shepherds (Et in Arcadia ego)' and 'The Flaying of Marsyas through Apollo,' have been inspired in Carracci's style.

 The career of Guercino:

In 1621, Cardinal Ludovisi, Pope Gregory XV (1554-1623) invited Guercino to Rome. He spent a couple of years inside the city. Guercino's brutal and dramatic fashion transitioned to a cleaner and smoother tilt because of Rome's choice for Classicism. His fresco 'Aurora' at Ludovisi's country home, portrait of Pope Gregory, 'San Chrysogonus in Glory' (1622), and 'The Burial of Saint Petronilla or St. Petronilla Altarpiece,' for the Vatican, had been few of his celebrated creations for the duration of his tenure in the city. After the Pope's demise in 1623, James I of England and Louis XIII invited Guercino to join him in France, which the artist declined. 

 Back in Cento, Guercino established a school for the locals as well as college students from overseas. During this time, he created frescoes in the Duomo of Piacenza, painted 'Saint Luke Displaying a Painting of the Madonna and Child (1655) for the altarpiece. With over 106 altarpieces and about one hundred forty-four artwork to his credit, Giovanni Francesco Barbieri worked exceptionally nicely as the head of his academic institute. He made a huge fortune in the process till his death. Guercino died on December 9, 1666, at the age of 75, in Bologna.

 Artwork of Guercino:

His portrayal in Arcadia ego from around 1618–1622 includes the primary acknowledged usage anywhere of the Latin motto, later taken up through Poussin and others, signifying that demise lurks even in the maximum idyllic setting. The dramatic composition of this canvas is associated with his Flaying of Marsyas with Apollo (1617–1618) created for The Grand Duke of Tuscany, which stocks the identical pair of the shepherd is normal of Guercino's early works, that are regularly tumultuous in conception. 

 He painted massive canvases, Samson Seized through Philistines (1619) and Elijah Fed through Ravens (1620), for Cardinal Serra, a Papal Legate to Ferrara. He painted when it was unlikely that Guercino should have seen Caravaggio's paintings in Rome; those works, though, display a starkly naturalistic Caravaggesque style. 


Guercino endured to paint and teach till his demise in 1666, collecting a fantastic fortune. As he never married, his property was handed to his nephews and scholars, Benedetto Gennari II and Cesare Gennari. Other scholars consist of GiulioCoralli, , Cristoforo Serra of Cesena, Giuseppe Bonati of Ferrara SebastianoGhezzi, SebastianoBombelli, Father CesarePronti of Ferrara, , Francesco Paglia of Brescia., Benedetto Zallone of Cento, Lorenzo Bergonzoni of Bologna, BartolomeoCaravoglia and Matteo Loves.