Ernst Ludwig Kirchner- A German painter 1938
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was born in the year of 1880 in Aschaffenburg, Germany. He was a well-known printmaker, Expressionist painter, and sculptor. Despite learning architecture at the Königliche Technische Hochschule of Dresden, he dedicated his life to the paintings. He was one of the founders of the bridge and played a major role in developing the Expressionist movement. He established the bridge with Fritz Bleyl, Karl Schmidt, and many other artists.
Early Training of Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Kirchner was born in Bavaria on May 6, 1880. He began studying architecture at Dresden Technical High School and started studying architecture in 1901 because of his parents. While joining the classes, he became a close friend of Bleyl. With his help, he shared his radical outlook on art & nature. During this time, he chose to dedicate himself to fine art rather than architecting.
In the year of 1905, Bleyl and Kirchner along with Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Erich Heckel, founded the artist group Die Brücke. The only aim to find this group was to promote the traditional academic styles. They opened this group to create a new model of artistic expression and formed a bridge between classical motifs. He expressed extreme emotion in his paintings through the vibrant and unnatural color palette and the simple lines. They practice much more about figure drawing. Most of the work created by him was a direct response to the graphic work of Albrecht Düre. He always chose bold, vibrant colors. Besides that, he also had an interest in the woodcarvings of Dürer. He modernizes this with the unique style of pared-down lines and dynamic compositions.
In the year of 1906, they performed in the frits exhibition group. His famous paintings were inspired by late-night studio meetings, the female nude, and many more. The most attractive things about their exhibitions are Kirchner's woodcut print, Nude Dancers, and energetic tone. After that, he decided to establish his own ide4ntrity in the world of art. He developed an interest in industrialization.
After that, he turned his attention away from the female nude and toward the Berlin streets. He created the series of art in 1915. Most of his art defines the energetic life of modern Berlin. He also tried to define the changing political situation of World War I and German culture. He attracted people through his bold, expressive brushstrokes. He mostly used vibrant colors like blue, green, orange, and pink. Some of his famous paintings were Cake Walk, In the Forest, The Soldier Bath, etc.
Late Years and Death
Kirchner joined the military in 1915 as a volunteer. But soon got severely sick with a nervous breakdown and recovered in several Swiss hospitals between the year 1916 to 17. After that, he moved to the farmhouse near Davos, where he made his new residence. He was one of the most reputed German expressionists who continued to grow. He did so many exhibitions in Switzerland and Germany in 1920. The first monograph was published in 1926. He also received many commissions from 1927 to 1928. He was also invited to be a part of the Venice Biennale. In 1933, he was honored with the "Degenerate artist," and over 600 of his works were destroyed by the Nazi regime. This traumatic impact of the event destroyed him and forced him to suicide. On July 15, 1938, he died. He was the leading name behind the Expressionist movement in Germany. In the year of 1913, his works and paintings gained so much appreciation internationally.