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    Bronzino was born in Monticello, just outside of Florence. 

    His father, Cosimo, was a butcher, and his mother, Felice, very little is known about his family background. They were honest, humble, and poor, according to 16th-century Italian poets. 

    As he was from a low social background, Bronzino had no surname. And it is unknown how he got his name; it is assumed that maybe it's because of his dark skin and red hair.

    Education and early training

    Bronzino was the first student of the artist, Raffaellinodel Garbo, at 11, from whom he learned about drawing and coloring. After turning 14, he studied from Jacopo Pontormo, one of the great Florentine painters of the first generation of mannerist painting. According to Bronzino's friend, he and Pontormo's paintings were kind of similar at that time. Both painted gracefully; however, Bronzino's painting was calmer and more reserved, whereas Pontormo's painting was more emotional.

    Bronzino and Pontormo were very close and shared a lifelong friendship. Pontormo looked after Bronzino like a son and was kind and loved by him. It is believed that Pontormo painted a portrait of Bronzino as a child in his series. When the black plague shadowed Florence in 1522, Pontormo decided to bring Bronzino near Florence to work together on a series of Frescos. Bronzino also helped in painting some illustrate for the monks.

    In 1524 Bronzino net Vasari and both developed a strong friendship. Bronzino was a very peaceful, humble, and harmless man by nature. In 1527 Bronzino left Florence again because of the plague and headed to the Villa of Ugo near Florence. During his stay there, he met the classical humanist historian and poet Benedetto and Lorenzo. After that, in 1530, Bronzino moved to the small dukedom of Pesaro, which was an artistic center.

    Mature period

    In 1537 Bronzino became a member of Florentine academy, which was a great achievement; then, in 1538, he got his first commission from the Medici family when he was chosen as one of the artists for the wedding of Cosimo. In a short period, Bronzino got the position of the official court painter for Cosimo and his Court. In mid-1540 Bronzino, 

    Duke Cosimo-I assigned Francesco and Pontormo to give designs for a tapestry cycle, and by 1546, Bronzino was in charge of the project.

    Between1546 to 1548, Bronzino lived in Rome to look for inspiration for Cosimon's tapestry cycle, and he studied Michelangelo's work during his stay. In 1547, he got expelled from Fiorentina academia due to unknown reasons. Within few years of that, Pontormo passed away on January 1557; Bronzino took over his unfinished Frescos in the choir of San Lorenzo; he was faithful to the plan of Pontormo. Bronzino expected that he would get the estate of Pontormo, but it was awarded to a man who falsely claimed to be a family relative of Pontormo.

    Late period.

    In 1564 Bronzino traveled to Pisa stayed one year there when the Duke summoned him, after which he produced several Court portraits. He also produced a nude Christ with a cross for a chapel. In 1569 Bronzino started to work on a large fresco in San Lorenzo, but he passed away before completing the artwork. Bronzino died on November 21, 1572, due to an unknown disease, and he was buried under the church of San Cristoforo in Florence. Bronzino's art had a social influence on Court portraits, and he inspired many young artists of Florentine at that time. Shortly after his death, Bronzino's achievements were forgotten.


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