Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 – 1656) - An Popular Italian Baroque painter
The popular Italian Baroque painter Artemisia Gentileschi was born in Rome, the Papal States, on July 8, 1593. She was the daughter of the Italian painter Orazio Gentileschi. Artemisia Gentileschi was greatly inspired by the revolutionary Baroque painter Caravaggio and used to follow their artwork. In the initial stage of her artistic career, she followed the popular Baroque painter Caravaggio's artwork. The best thing about this painter was that she was considered among the most accomplished seventeenth-century artists. By the age of fifteen, Artemisia Gentileschi enhanced her painting skills and used them to make professional paintings that everyone admired.
Early life and art career of Artemisia Gentileschi:
Artemisia Gentileschi was the first women in Florence to become a member of the Accademia di Arte del Desegno. In her era, women used to get very few opportunities to pursue an art career. But Artemisia Gentileschi became an inspiration for the woman community by becoming an artist. One of her very first artwork that got popular was the Susanna and the Elders. This painting was made in the year 1610 and was an accomplished work attributed to the artist's father. Artemisia Gentileschi's paintings mainly featured women from mythologies, Bible, and allegories. Her paintings included the victims, warriors, and also suicides.
Artemisia Gentileschi was best in handling and mixing colors and depicting the female figure very much real. Some of her great artwork was like Judith Slaying Holofernes and Judith and Her Maidservant. Due to her excellent artwork, she is regarded as the most successful and progressive artist of her generation. You could still find her best paintings in the major exhibitions at internationally esteemed fine art institutions like National Gallery, London. Artemisia Gentileschi used to make the artwork by transfiguring them into a powerful and realistic drama. But after Agostino Tassi allegedly raped her, all her achievements and artwork were overshadowed. Tassi was brought to trial in 1612, and Artemisia Gentileschi was forced to give evidence under torture.
Artemisia Gentileschi married Florentine after the trial and then joined Florence's Academy of Design. She was the first woman to join the Florance's Academy of Design and then started to develop her art style that was unique and distinct from other artists' work. Artemisia Gentileschi's life was full of struggles, but she still specialized in history painting and became the most popular artist of her time.
Facts about Artemisia Gentileschi:
- Artemisia Gentileschi's most popular work was Madonna and Child and Susanna and the Elders, which she created when she was twenty. Before she reached the age of twenty-five, she had created many best art pieces.
- At the Florence Academy of Fine Art, she was the first woman to become a member.
- Galileo was one of the most well-known friends of Artemisia Gentileschi. He was an astronomer, engineer, and physicist.
- To create her image, Artemisia Gentileschi used to use a mirror. She created her famous self-portrait with the help of two mirrors, and she named this artwork as Allegory of painting.
- In Italy, Artemisia Gentileschi created a series of allegories at Casa Buonarroti. This Allegory at Casa Buonarroti is known as The Inclination, which stood out from the other canvases.
- After Artemisia Gentileschi visited London, she painted a ceiling for the Queen at Greenwich. She was the favorite of Kind Charles and his Queen Henrietta Maria.
- A book on the real-life of Artemisia Gentileschi was written by George Eliot, the famous author of that time.