Antonio Allegri Da Correggio
Antonio Allegri Da Correggio was born in a small town near Reggio Emilia around 1489. His father was a merchant; very little is known about Correggio's life or training. In the year 1503, he started training from Francesco Bianchi Ferrara of Modena. He returned to Correggio after his trip to Mantua in 1506 and stayed there till 1510. In 1514 he passed all the three for the church entrance in Mantua and then came back to Correggio as an established artist and signed a contract with the Madonna Altarpiece in the local monastery.
Works in Parma
Correggio lived in Parma for the rest of his career. There he came in contact with Michelangelo Anselmo, who was a mannerist painter. In 1519 he got married to Girolama Francesca, and she died in 1529. One of his sons was an undistinguished painter. The decoration of a dining son of St. Paul Correggio's mother-superior was his first commission where he painted great glimpses of playful cherubs. After that, he painted the illusionistic Vision of St. John on Patmos for the church of San Giovanni. Three years later, he decorated the dome of the cathedral of parks. These two artworks highly enhanced the beauty of dome decoration.
Correggio painted a famous set of paintings with the Loves of Jupiter as described in Ovid's metamorphoses. Federico II Gonzaga of Mantua brought this series to decorate his private room. Leda and the swan are now decorated in a museum in Berlin after it was acquired by Frederick the Great in 1753. In the center of Leda straddles a swan, on the right side a shy maiden. Danae is now in Rome's gallery, represents the maiden as the divine rain impregnates her. Danae looks more gleeful than Titan's 1545 version, where the rain is more accurately presented. This picture was called Antiope and the Satyr, but now it is called Venus and Cupid with a satyr. Ganymede abducted by the eagle represents a young man aloft in amorous flight, and some have imagined it as a conjunction of an eagle. But due to the exotic sense of the painting, it seems unlikely.
Correggio was famous for his melancholic and introverted character. He hasn't emerged from a major apprenticeship. Also, with the influence of Costa, there is Mantegna's style in his work; his works were a great response to one of the great artists Leonardo da Vinci. He had little influence from the great artists, but now his artworks are considered to greatly influence the subsequent artists. Even after a half-century of Correggio's death, his works were well known to Yasari, who believed that he didn't get enough exposure to make him a better artist. In the 18th and 19th centuries, his works were very popular among foreign visitors in Italy. Correggio's illusionistic experiments were highly popular in which imaginary spaces replaced the natural reality. Even though he had no scope because he spent most of his life in Parma, he still influenced so many great artists, and his artworks are very famous in the modern age.
In later years, Correggio returned to his hometown, where he died due to unknown reasons on 5th March 1534. He was buried in the San Francisco in Correggio near his youthful artwork, "Madonna di San Francisco," now, it is housed in Dresden. However, the exact location of his tomb is still unknown. His artworks will always remain a great inspirational source for young artists.