Amedeo Modigliani (July 1884 – January 1920) - An Italian Jewish painter and Sculptor
Amedeo Modigliani full name was Amedeo Clemente Modigliani. He was born on 12th July 1884 in Livorno, Tuscany, Kingdom of Italy. He was a popular Italian Jewish painter and Sculptor during the 20th Century. His main works were related to portraits and nudes that included modern-style artwork, and he was well known all over the globe. The most important and popular portraits he created were elongated figures, asymmetrical compositions, and the monumental use of line. This popular Italian Jewish painter and Sculptor studied art in Italy, where he was able to get more knowledge about the art of antiquity and Renaissance.
Amedeo Modigliani was born in a Jewish family of merchants. Due to pleurisy (mental disorder) and typhus (An acute infectious disease), Amedeo Modigliani could not get a proper education but later studied the art of antiquity and the Renaissance in Italy. After completing his studies in Italy, Amedeo Modigliani moved to Paris for a better career. After 1906, Amedeo Modigliani met many popular artists who inspired him to continue enhancing his art skills. Some of the popular artists whom Amedeo Modigliani met were Pablo Picasso and Constantin Brancusi. At Salon d'Automne, Modigliani exhibited his highly stylized sculpture with Cubists.
Amedeo Modigliani gave his full interest in sculpture-making from 1909 to 1914, where he used to make portraits and full figures. In Paris, his interest grew in the post-impressionist paintings that Paul Cezanne created. On Constantin Brancusi's advice, the Romanian Sculptor Modigliani studied African sculpture to enhance his skills. He also intensified his graphic experiments to prepare himself for creating his sculpture. During his lifetime Amedeo Modigliani was not able to get much popularity. Still, after his death, his artwork was able to inspire many new artists and made home popular all over the globe.
Amedeo Modigliani's father was Flaminio, a successful businessman, and an entrepreneur. Modigliani was from an Italian Jewish family and the fourth child in his family. Due to Amedeo Modigliani's health issues, he was home-schooled by his mother until 10. From an early age, he took great interest in painting and had already considered himself a painter; his sickness could not stop him. Being an intelligent and talented child, Amedeo Modigliani's mother motivated him to enhance his skills and take them ahead.
Amedeo Modigliani art career:
In the year 1915, Amedeo Modigliani completely focused on creating paintings. He used to make paintings of long necks, noses, long oval faces, and much more. Due to World War I in 1914, he suffered a lot; his paintings did not sell, his health deteriorated due to poverty. Paul Guillaume and poet Leopold Zborowski helped him sell a few of his paintings and drawing. Amedeo Modigliani was not a professional portraitist and used to portrait only on occasion.
Amedeo Modigliani's famous and notable artwork was Redheaded Girls in Evening Dress, Madame Pompadour, JeanneHebuterne in Red Shawl. At the age of thirty-five, in 1920, Amedeo Modigliani died due to tubercular meningitis. After his death, Amedeo Modigliani's artwork became successful around the world.