Albrecht Durer - The German Renaissance
Albrecht Durer (1471 – 1528) was well known as a theorist of the German Renaissance. He was also popular as a German painter and printmaker. When he was only twenty years old, he established a good reputation because of his high-quality woodcut prints across the European region. His preferred technique for the body of work was engravings. This engravings technique can be found in his later prints, portraits, self-portraits, books, watercolors, and altarpieces. His woodcuts series are the more Gothic arts (medieval style of art) if looking into his work. Durer's most popular engravings works involve the three master prints (Meisterstiche)- Melencolia I (1514), Knight, Death and the Devil (1513), and Saint Jerome in his Study (1514).
Moreover, he was remarkable for his watercolors to work. Also, this watercolor work made him the first European landscape artist. He had a good connection with major Italian artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Giovanni Bellini. He was indulged by Emperor Maximilian I from 1512.
Along with the time, Durer was reputed as one of the most significant figures of the Northern Renaissance due to his classical motifs introduction into Northern art. He made it possible with his knowledge of German humanists and Italian artists. Hence, this is strengthened by his theoretical treatises that imply ideal proportions, mathematical principles, and perspective.
Albrecht Durer was born on 21 May 1471 in Nuremberg, Holy Roman Empire. He was the second son and third child of Barbara Holper and Albrecht Dürer the Elder, a successful goldsmith. After few years in school, his father trained him in the basics of drawing and goldsmithing. Although his father wanted him to get trained for goldsmithing work, he showed a lack of interest. And he had more attraction towards drawing.
In 1486, Durer was only fifteen years old, and he started to work with German painter and printmaker Michael Wolgemutas an apprentice. On 7 July 1494, he was 23 years old, and he got married to Agnes Frey, who was the daughter of a prominent brass worker of Nuremberg city. This marriage was not considered a happy marriage life. They did not have any children. Albrecht was considered homosexual or bisexual because many of his works indicate the intimate nature of male friends and themes of homosexual desire. After three months of his marriage, he started his first journey towards Italy for some works, and again for the second time in 1505–1507.
From 1507 to 1511, Dürer had given more focus on some of his most celebrated painting work: Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand (1508), Adam and Eve (1507), Adoration of the Trinity (1511), the altarpiece Assumption of the Virgin (1509), and Virgin with the Iris (1508).
His theoretical works:
Albrecht Durer had used the German language in all his theories and gave less attention to the Latin language. He used graphic expressions based on craftsmen's and vernacular language. For this, "Schneckenlinie" ("snail-line") is a great example.
He also gave four books on measurements such as:
List of Famous Paintings:
Other List of Famous Engravings:
List of famous woodcuts:
Albrecht Durer died on 6 April 1528 at the age of 56 in Nuremberg, Holy Roman Empire. His demise was a big loss to the drawing field. One can be easily mesmerized by his painting.
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